What is an SSL certificate?

What is an SSL certificate? | October 4, 2019

 

 

 

What is an SSL certificate?

 

 

An SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate is a digital certificate that authenticates the identity of a website and encrypts information sent to the server using SSL technology. Encryption is the process of scrambling data into an undecipherable format that can only be returned to a readable format with the proper decryption key.

A certificate serves as an electronic “passport” that establishes an online entity’s credentials when doing business on the Web. When an Internet user attempts to send confidential information to a Web server, the user’s browser accesses the server’s digital certificate and establishes a secure connection.

 

 

An SSL certificate contains the following information:

 

 

  • The certificate holder’s name
  • The certificate’s serial number and expiration date
  • A copy of the certificate holder’s public key
  • The digital signature of the certificate-issuing authority

 

How does an SSL certificate work?

 

 

An SSL certificate ensures safe, easy, and convenient Internet shopping. Once an Internet user enters a secure area — by entering credit card information, email address, or other personal data, for example — the shopping site’s SSL certificate enables the browser and Web server to build a secure, encrypted connection. The SSL “handshake” process, which establishes the secure session, takes place discreetly behind the scene without interrupting the consumer’s shopping experience. A “padlock” icon in the browser’s status bar and the “https://” prefix in the URL are the only visible indications of a secure session in progress.

By contrast, if a user attempts to submit personal information to an unsecured website (i.e., a site that is not protected with a valid SSL certificate), the browser’s built-in security mechanism triggers a warning to the user, reminding him/her that the site is not secure and that sensitive data might be intercepted by third parties. Faced with such a warning, most Internet users will likely look elsewhere to make a purchase.

Which SSL do I need?

 

 

Some websites or server configurations require a specific type of SSL. Prior to purchasing your SSL certificate there are several factors you need to consider, including how you use your website, how many domains you want to secure, where you are located and if you can install the SSL certificate yourself.

 

Is the SSL for a personal or business website?

 

 

How do you want to show visitors that your site is secure? Do you want visitors to see the SSL belongs to a verified organization, or is HTTPS in the address enough?

All SSL-secured sites display HTTPS in the address. Premium Extended Validation (EV) SSLs also display a prominent indicator — usually a green address bar — to quickly assure visitors that the organization’s legal and physical existence was verified according to strict industry standards. For more information, see What is a Premium Extended Validation (EV) SSL certificate?

 

How many unique domains do you want to secure with HTTPS?

 

 

Do all of the sites have fully qualified domain names, or do you need to add a few subdomains (see What is a subdomain?) on the fly?

  • Single-domain SSLs cover one domain or subdomain. For example, you can secure www.coolexample.com. You can purchase single-domain SSL’s as Standard, Deluxe High Assurance (OV) certificates, or EV certificates.
  • Wildcard SSLs cover multiple subdomains. For example, you can secure *.coolexample.com, which would cover shop.coolexample.com, www.coolexample.com, and any other subdomains. You can purchase Wildcard SSLs as Standard or OV certificates.
  • Multiple Domain (UCC) SSLs can cover multiple subdomains, unique domain names, and websites. For example, you can secure www.coolexample.com, mail.coolexample.com, and www.awesomeexample.com. You can purchase UCC SSL’s as standard, OV or EV certificates.

EV UCC SSLs represent all secondary domains with the primary business name, so all sites should be related. A UCC site seal displays only the primary domain name as “Issued To,” and all secondary websites are listed in the certificate details.

 

Where are you located?

 

 

Our SSL certificates are issued to individuals and companies worldwide, but there are a few restrictions. For more information, see Which countries are currently supported for certificate issuance?

 

Which type of server or Web hosting do you use?

 

 

Our SSL certificates work on all types of hosting and server configurations, but these specific servers must use the certificate listed:

  • Quick Shopping Cart® stores must use a single-domain Standard or Premium SSL.
  • Intel vPro servers must use an OV SSL.
  • Exchange Servers must use a UCC SSL to secure multiple services (domains).

All domains are listed in a UCC. If you want to secure both fully qualified (example: www.coolexample.com) and partially qualified (example: coolexample.com) domains with a UCC, make sure to select a domain for each one. Know which domains you need to cover when you purchase, because you cannot upgrade.

 

What is a Wildcard SSL certificate?

 

 

Wildcard SSL certificates secures your website URL and an unlimited number of its subdomains. For example, a single Wildcard certificate can secure www.coolexample.comblog.coolexample.com, and store.coolexample.com.

Wildcard certificates secure the common name and all subdomains at the level you specify when you submit your request. Just add an asterisk (*) in the subdomain area to the left of the common name.

Examples

If you request your certificate for *.coolexample.com, you can secure:

  • coolexample.com
  • www.coolexample.com
  • photos.coolexample.com
  • blog.coolexample.com

If you request your certificate for *.www.coolexample.com, you can secure:

  • www.coolexample.com
  • mail.www.coolexample.com
  • photos.www.coolexample.com
  • blog.www.coolexample.com

Wildcard certificates secure websites just like regular SSL certificates, and requests are processed using the same validation methods. However, some Web servers might require a unique IP address for each subdomain on the Wildcard certificate.

 

What is the difference between a Premium Extended Validation (EV) Certificate and a Deluxe SSL Certificate?

 

 

The main difference between Premium Extended Validation (EV) and Deluxe SSL certificates is the vetting process that must be completed in order for the Certification Authority (CA) to issue a signed certificate to the requestor. Additionally, websites secured with Premium Extended Validation (EV) certificates will be displayed differently in modern browsers, highlighting a portion of the address bar in green.

More comprehensive than the Deluxe vetting process, the Premium Extended Validation (EV) vetting process validates the requestor’s domain control and verifies the requesting entity’s legal existence and identity. The process authenticates the following information pertaining to the certificate-requesting organization:

  • Legal existence: The Certification Authority (CA) must confirm with the Incorporating Agency in the requesting entity’s Jurisdiction of Incorporation that, as of the date the Premium Extended Validation (EV) Certificate is issued, the organization named in the Premium Extended Validation (EV) Certificate legally exists as a valid organization or entity in the Jurisdiction of Incorporation.
  • Identity: The CA must confirm that as of the date the Premium Extended Validation (EV) Certificate is issued, the legal name of the entity named in the Premium Extended Validation (EV) Certificate matches the name on the official government records of the Incorporating Agency in the requesting entity’s Jurisdiction of Incorporation. (And if an assumed name is also included, that the assumed name is properly registered by the requesting entity in the jurisdiction of its place of business.)
  • Registration number: The CA must obtain the specific unique registration number assigned to the applicant by the Incorporating Agency in the requesting entity’s Applicant’s Jurisdiction of Incorporation.
  • Registered agent: The CA must obtain the identity and address of the requesting entity’s Registered Agent or Registered Office (as applicable) in the requestor’s Jurisdiction of Incorporation.
  • Right to use domain name: The CA must take all steps reasonably necessary to verify that, as of the date the Premium Extended Validation (EV) Certificate is issued, the entity named in the Premium Extended Validation (EV) Certificate owns or has the exclusive right to use the domain name listed in the Premium Extended Validation (EV) SSL certificate.
  • Authorization for Premium Extended Validation (EV) SSL certificate:The CA must take all steps reasonably necessary to verify that the entity named in the Premium SSL certificate has authorized the issuance of the Premium Extended Validation (EV) SSL certificate.

 

 

What are the advantages of a Premium Extended Validation (EV) SSL certificate for your business?

 

Unlike other SSL certificates, Premium Extended Validation (EV) SSL certificates provide a prominent visual indicator that visitors can immediately recognize. Sites secured with an EV certificate display a green address bar, showing visitors that your organization’s credentials have been authenticated according to a stringent, standardized vetting process.

Additionally, EV SSL certificates assure visitors that your organization is who it claims to be, and that they are not on a phishing site.

Premium EV SSL certificates are available for the following types of organizations, businesses, and corporations:

  • Incorporated or limited liability companies that are legally registered with a “Good Standing,” “Active,” or equivalent status.
  • Business entities such as general partnerships, unincorporated associations, DBAs, and sole proprietorships.

 

 

We offer different SSL Certificates, based on your needs

 

 

Standard SSL (1-Site)

  • Protect 1 site.
  • Domain validation
  • SHA-2 & 2048-bit encryption.
  • Boost SEO rankings
  • Fast issuance in 5min
  • Display HTTPS & padlock
  • Security trust seal
  • Support unlimited servers
  • Free unlimited reissues
  • $100,000 USD warranty

Standard SSL (5-Site)

  • Protect 5 sites.
  • Domain validation
  • SHA-2 & 2048-bit encryption.
  • Boost SEO rankings
  • Fast issuance in 5min
  • Display HTTPS & padlock
  • Security trust seal
  • Support unlimited servers
  • Free unlimited reissues
  • $100,000 USD warranty

Premium SSL (1-Site)

  • Protect 1 site.
  • Extended validation
  • SHA-2 & 2048-bit encryption.
  • Boost SEO rankings
  • Display HTTPS & padlock
  • Green address bar
  • Security trust seal
  • Support unlimited servers
  • Free unlimited reissues
  • $1,000,000 USD warranty

Premium SSL (5-Site)

  • Protect 5 sites.
  • Extended validation
  • SHA-2 & 2048-bit encryption.
  • Boost SEO rankings
  • Display HTTPS & padlock
  • Green address bar
  • Security trust seal
  • Support unlimited servers
  • Free unlimited reissues
  • $1,000,000 USD warranty

Standard SSL (Wildcard)

  • Protect unlimited sub-domains.
  • Domain validation
  • SHA-2 & 2048-bit encryption.
  • Boost SEO rankings
  • Fast issuance in 5min
  • Display HTTPS & padlock
  • Security trust seal
  • Support unlimited servers
  • Free unlimited reissues
  • $100,000 USD waranty

 

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